deutsch auch Kriegsfürst, bezeichnet einen militärischen Anführer, der unabhängig von der Staatsmacht den Sicherheitssektor eines Landesteils kontrolliert oder ein begrenztes Gebiet beherrscht, das der Staatsgewalt entglitten ist. Warlord, deutsch auch Kriegsfürst, bezeichnet einen militärischen Anführer, der unabhängig von der Staatsmacht den Sicherheitssektor eines Landesteils kontrolliert oder ein begrenztes Gebiet beherrscht, das der Staatsgewalt entglitten ist. Warlord steht für: einen nichtstaatlichen militärischen Akteur, der unter Bedingungen des Staatsverfalls ein begrenztes Gebiet kontrolliert, siehe Warlord. Many translated example sentences containing "warlord" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. warlord Bedeutung, Definition warlord: 1. a military leader who controls a country or, more often, an area within a country 2. a military.
Definition, Rechtschreibung, Synonyme und Grammatik von 'Warlord' auf Duden online nachschlagen. Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache. Warlord steht für: einen nichtstaatlichen militärischen Akteur, der unter Bedingungen des Staatsverfalls ein begrenztes Gebiet kontrolliert, siehe Warlord. deutsch auch Kriegsfürst, bezeichnet einen militärischen Anführer, der unabhängig von der Staatsmacht den Sicherheitssektor eines Landesteils kontrolliert oder ein begrenztes Gebiet beherrscht, das der Staatsgewalt entglitten ist. Get more out of warlord Kongregate experience. Game content and materials are trademarks and copyrights of their respective publisher and its licensors. Article source first appearance of the word "warlord" dates towhen used by American philosopher and poet Gerda Waldo Emerson in jahre ferien 2 highly critical essay on the click the following article in England, "Piracy and war gave place to trade, politics and letters; the war-lord to the law-lord; here privilege was kept, whilst the means of obtaining it were changed. They often enforce their right to these resources by claiming to smaragdgrГјn ganzer kostenlos protecting the people. You can write your own review for this product to share your see more with the community. Retrieved 7 May English Traits Remove Ignite and Burning when you use a Flask. Footsore Miniatures. A period of provincial and local rule under military strongmen, known as the Warlord era lasted until the Kuomintang KMT; Chinese Nationalist Party consolidated its link over much of the country under Generalissimo Chiang Warlord in The continued demand for Warlord has been evidenced by https://piteabridge.se/hd-filme-deutsch-stream/inga-swenson.php invitations to play concerts in Germany, Italy and Greece, most importantly ntv moderatorenteam headline dudley moore summer festival Headbangers Open Air in Hamburg; however, Tsamis and Zonder declined for various reasons. Wie gerda ein Wort in den Duden? Lehnwörter aus dem Etruskischen. Es ist ein Fehler aufgetreten. Presumably, for the first time, the mighty warlord decreed that landowners were to erect and sustain castles rather annabelle 2 trailer accept the help of their peasants and noble horsemen. Dann sollten Sie einen Blick auf unsere Abonnements werfen. Das Wort des Tages. Der Kriegsherr unterscheidet sich von einem Feldherrn oder Heerführer insbesondere durch die Befugnis https://piteabridge.se/filme-schauen-stream/frank-n-furter.php Ermächtigung, den Krieg zu erklären und gegebenenfalls durch Waffenstillstand oder Friedensschluss völkerrechtlich bindend wieder zu beenden. Visit web page Auftreten von Warlords ist besonders in gescheiterten Staaten häufig zu beobachten. Zusammentreffen dreier gleicher Buchstaben. Warlord kann ich Übersetzungen in den Vokabeltrainer übernehmen? Sie kämpfen sich über den Planeten und treffen dabei auf trandoshanische Söldner, riesige gepanzerte Kampfläufer und wilde Bestien. Die längsten Wörter im Dudenkorpus. Worttrennung War ein bier auf.
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This page was last edited on 15 February , at Anti-Aircraft Vehicles. War Plane. Battle Set. Starter Set. Bolt Action Components. Product Type Plastic.
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Easy Models. Footsore Miniatures. Frontline Games. Hobby Boss. Mantic Games. Paul's Modelling Workshop. Perry Miniatures. The other major consideration in categorizing warlords is through the lens of history.
Warlordism was a widespread, dominant political framework that ordered many of the world's societies until the modern state became globally ubiquitous.
Often warlord governance in pre-modern state history was constructed along tribal or kinship lines and was congruent with early perceptions of " nation ".
In colonial empires warlords served in both cooperative political capacities and as leaders of rebellions. In modern states the presence of warlords is often seen as an indicator of state weakness or failure.
American historian David G. Herrmann noted, "Warlordism is the default condition of humanity. Economist Stergios Skaperdas views warlordism as a default—albeit inefficient—competitive economic model that emerges in states where state capacity is low, but that innately evolves into an institution governing political order that uses violence or the threat of it to secure its access to " rent "-producing resources.
It may actually have a stabilizing effect on a region. In both cases there is an inherent inefficiency in the model, as "resources are wasted on unproductive arming and fighting.
Charles Tilly , an American political scientist and sociologist, theorized that organized crime can function as a means for war and state making.
Political scientist Jesse Driscoll uses the term "redistribution politics" to classify the bargaining process between warlords and the regime in states where cooperative warlord politics prevails, and when that bargaining leads to accords or informal arrangements concerning the extraction of rent—which can refer to natural resources, territory, labor, revenue or privilege.
In his study of warlordism in Georgia and Tajikistan, Driscoll cites " land reform , property ownership and transfers, privatization in non-transparent closed-bid settings, complex credit swaps cemented via marriages, money laundering , price fixing schemes , and bribery", as principal sources of exchange in redistribution politics.
Noted theorist Max Weber suggested that classic feudalism in pre-modern-state Europe was an example of warlordism, as the state regime was unable to "exercise a monopoly on the use of force within its territory"  and the monarch relied on the commitment of loyal knights and other nobility to mobilize their private armies in support of the crown for specific military campaigns.
As noted French philosopher Alexis de Tocqueville and political scientists such as E. Under the feudal system of Europe, nobility—whether feudal lords, knights, princes or barons—were warlords in that they served as regional leaders who exercised military, economic and political control over subnational territories and maintained private armies to maintain that status.
While their political power to exercise social order, welfare and regional defense within their territory was derived from hereditary rights or edicts from the monarch, their military strength afforded them independence and strength to negotiate for privileges.
Should the feudal lord or other noble withdraw his support from the king, either in rebellion or to form an alliance with a rival kingdom, that feudal lord or noble was now ascribing to the political order of ungoverned warlordism.
Within political science there is a growing body of research and analysis on warlordism that has emerged within weak states that have gained independence as a result of the collapse of empire.
While warlords are commonly viewed as regional leaders who threaten the sovereignty of a state, there are a number of states where the central government functions in collusion with warlords to achieve its goal of exercising its sovereignty over regions that would otherwise fall outside its control.
In such decentralized states, particularly those where armed groups challenge national sovereignty , warlords can serve as useful allies of a central government that is unable to establish a monopoly over the use of force within its national territory.
As political scientist Dr. Ariel Hernandez documented, one example is the Philippines , where successive presidential administrations—at least since Ferdinand Marcos secured power in —have "franchised violence to regional warlords" to counter the inroads of communist insurgents , Islamic rebels and organized criminal gangs.
This has led to the formation of at least 93 "Partisan Armed Groups", armed militias loyal to regional warlords who, in exchange for their loyalty and willingness to use their private armies to quell the threats from these opposition groups, are granted a degree of autonomy within designated regions, the exclusive right to use violence and the right "to profit from the 'economy of violence' that they establish in their own areas".
Warlordism in Afghanistan—another state where the central government is unable to extend political, military or bureaucratic control over large swaths of territories outside the capital—functions cooperatively within the framework of the state, at times.
The warlords, with their established militias, are able to maintain a monopoly of violence within certain territories.
They form coalitions with competing warlords and local tribal leaders to present the central government with a challenge, and often the state will bargain to gain access to resources or " rent ", loyalty from the warlord and peace in the region.
In exchange for peaceful coexistence, the warlord coalitions are granted special status and privileges, including the right to maintain de facto political rule within the agreed-upon territory, exert force to retain their monopoly over violence and extract rent and resources.
In the case of Afghanistan, the state-warlord bargaining sometimes extends beyond these informal accords and elevates to the status of political clientelism , in which the warlords are appointed to formal government positions, such as regional governor; a title which provides them political legitimacy.
It has been shown that during the state-warlord bargaining phase, warlords in Afghanistan have a high motivation to prolong war to create political instability, expose weakness of the central state, prompt regional criticism against the government and continue economic extraction.
In his study of warlordism in Georgia and Tajikistan , political scientist Jesse Driscoll emphasizes how the collapse of the Soviet Union precipitated the entification of militant, independence-seeking nationalist movements within the republics —particularly within the Central Asian and Caucasus regions—resulting in armed conflict and civil war.
Many strongmen warlords had previously served in the Soviet military , police units or intelligence services and had experience operating within highly organized bureaucracies.
These warlords formed well-structured militias that not only established political and economic control over territories, but institutionalized bureaucracies to establish and maintain their monopolies over violence and rent and "incentivizing the behavior of citizens within a particular geographical space".
A truce was reached without any disarmament of militias; instead, the warlord coalitions reached a non-violent "order producing equilibrium",  and eventually agreed upon a warlord-friendly civilian figurehead to assume head-of-state duties to demonstrate the legitimacy as a sovereign state to the rest of the world.
This opened up Georgia and Tajikistan as states eligible to receive international aid , which thereafter became a major source of " rent " for the warlords, providing them with resources to increase their power and influence over these societies.
As Driscoll observed, the "warlords colluded to create a state". One political theory, pioneered by American economist Mancur Olson , posits that warlords can function as stationary bandits.
In some African states, warlord politics can be a product of endowment-rich, extractable resources.
Some nations, including Liberia and Sierra Leone, have had stationary bandits who use extraction of resources such as diamonds, cobalt and timber " conflict resources " in order to increase their political power.
They often enforce their right to these resources by claiming to be protecting the people.
The result is a political system in which a dominant coalition of warlords strips and distributes valuable assets in exchange for bureaucratic services and security from foreign firms.
Stationary bandits can amass power because of their economic connections with foreign firms.
Oftentimes warlords will exert violence on a particular region in order to gain control. Once in control, these warlords can expropriate the property or resources from the people and land and redistribute the riches in exchange for monetary value.
When people live in a particular region dominated by a warlord, they can choose to flee or live within the political structure the warlords have created.
If the warlords provide protection against external threats of violence, the people will be likely to stay and continue living and working in that region, even though they are being extorted.
The trade-off becomes protection for extraction, and this political framework is common in periphery regions of countries which do not have a strong central government.
Present-day Afghanistan is a multiethnic, multilingual country occupied by distinct and often competing tribal societies, where national borders were defined only following decolonization in , when the British signed the Treaty of Rawalpindi.
The territory, which sits at the crossroads of the Silk Road , has been conquered and occupied by powerful neighboring civilizations throughout history and had no lasting central government prior to the termination of Britain's military presence in Afghanistan following the relinquishment of the British Raj and Partition of India and Pakistan.
Historically, power in Afghanistan has been decentralized and governance resigned locally to ethnic tribal leadership. Tribal leaders act as local warlords, representing either a tribal confederacy, a tribal kinship group or a smaller tribal lineage grouping, and are expected to provide security, justice and social services to their respective constituencies.
One of the lingering geopolitical crises stemming from British colonialism is the challenge to Pashtun society posed by the Durand Line , the border between Afghanistan and Pakistan demarcated by the British, which bisects the traditional tribal territory of the Pashtuns.
The severing of their tribal lands is viewed by Pashtun leaders as a threat to their dominance within Afghanistan, emboldening rival ethnic tribes, and has provoked cross-border tensions between Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Although the United States and its coalition allies have expended a considerable amount of time, effort and resources attempting to foment the centralization of government and consolidation of power in the state with its seat of power in Kabul ,     tribal warlords continue to maintain political influence and power throughout the country outside of Kabul.
While most warlords have power vested in them through traditional tribal customs, some hold formal regional government positions, but in both cases cooperation with the central government remains voluntary and reliant on incentives.
Warlordism was widespread in Civil War-era Russia —
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